The majority of people think that waste disposal or waste management is only about garbage being incinerated or dumped in landfills. As opposed to many people’s perception, waste management entails all activities undertaken to manage waste from its collection to final disposal. This includes several components involved in the creation of an optimal integrated solid waste management (ISWM) system. The system may include treatment methods used to minimize the volume and toxicity of waste and changing solid waste into green energy or a more convenient form of disposal.
Effects of a Poor Waste Management System
A poor waste management system comes with great dangers that need to be avoided at all costs. The risks include soil contamination, water pollution, leachate, and emission of greenhouse gasses. Immediate effects of poorly managed domestic waste include the spread of diseases, dangers associated with sharp objects, and the risk of explosion and fire hazards caused by certain solvents. Financially, it can cause high costs of public cleansing as well as huge budgets for the municipal council when managing waste.
Waste Management Services
To maintain an effective waste management system, both household and the industrial sectors should reduce the generation of waste. Additionally, look for a reputable waste disposal vendor who will not only collect your garbage in time but will also dispose or process as well as manage and monitor the waste materials to reduce its effects on humans and the environment.
A trash removal company, such as http://eagledumpsterrental.com, will collect your waste and use the right method of treatment and disposal. The waste treatment and disposal techniques are selected and used based on the quantity and composition of the waste material.
Ways of Managing Waste
1. Waste Prevention and Minimization
Preventing waste generation includes avoiding the extensive use of new or unnecessary items. For example, you can use reusable containers or bags when packing lunch or leftovers, traveling or shopping instead of using new ones.
Waste minimization, on the other hand, is the process of reducing the amount of waste generated to reduce the production of harmful wastes. Minimizing waste involves redesigning products as well as changing social trends regarding the production of wastes.
Composting is a way of controlling the natural process of decomposition to hasten the decay of waste. During the process, microbes like fungi and bacteria break down organic matter into simpler components. The result is nutrient rich compost that is used as organic fertilizer.
The types of biodegradables used include leaves, food waste, paper, crop residues, wood, and feathers, just to name a few. The downside of this system is that it is time-consuming and uses a significant size of land.
Incineration is a waste treatment technique that involves the combustion of waste to transform them into energy. This technique coupled with high-temperature waste treatments is referred to as thermal treatments. The incineration process converts waste into carbon dioxide, flue, water vapor, ash, and gas. The flue and gasses are first treated to eliminate pollutants before being released into the atmosphere while the other products are used to generate energy.
The technique is inexpensive, and it reduces the volume of waste by approximately 90 percent.
4. Dumps and Landfills
Sanitary landfills and controlled dumps are the most common types of waste disposal solutions. These solutions are mostly preferred since they reduce or eliminate the risk of health hazards caused by waste disposal. This is because they are situated in areas where land is resistant to harmful wastes and far from water bodies to reduce water pollution. Dumps and landfills pose the least environmental and health hazards, but they are expensive to set up compared to other ways of waste disposal.
Proper waste management is a serious concern. Therefore, everyone has to be involved to reduce the catastrophic effects that come with waste mismanagement.